Lahore

Lahore is Pakistan's second-largest city and the capital of Punjab province. It is located in the upper Indus plain, 811 miles (1,305 kilometers) northeast of Karachi, on the Ravi River, a tributary of the Indus. Lahore is made up of an old city area surrounded on the southeast by contemporary commercial, industrial, and residential zones, which are surrounded by suburbs. The old city was once encircled by a wall and a moat, but these features have been replaced by parklands, except in the north. Thirteen gates offer entry to the old city through a circular route around the rampart. The mosque of Wazir Khn (1634) and the Lahore Fort are two notable landmarks in the old city. The mosque of Wazir Khan (1634) and the Lahore Fort are two notable landmarks in the old city. The fort, a walled structure of around 36 acres (14.5 hectares), is a magnificent example of Mughal architecture; it was largely built by Akbar (reigned 1556–1605) and expanded by the next three emperors.

Lahore is an important educational center since it is the home of the Institution of Punjab (1882), Pakistan's oldest university. The Lahore Museum (1864), located near the university, offers a diverse collection of art and historical artifacts. The city also houses the University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore (1961), as well as other institutions and institutes. Lahore is a major commercial, financial, and manufacturing center. The textile sector is the most prominent, although there are also several rubber industries, as well as iron, steel, and other mills. Railways and aviation services connect Lahore to the rest of Pakistan's main cities. The urban agglomeration has a population of 6,289,000 people (as of 2005).

 

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